The Mozart Project

Chronology: 1786–1791

1786
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January   [10] Rondo in D for Keyboard (K. 485)  
February [7] Der Schauspieldirektor (K. 486) is performed at the Orangery at Schönbrunn. [3] Der Schauspieldirektor (K. 486)  
March   [2] Concerto in A for Piano (K. 488)
[24] Concerto in C minor for Piano (K. 491)
 
April   [29] Le nozze di Figaro (K. 492)  
May [1] Le nozze di Figaro (K. 492) premieres at the Burgtheater. It will be performed nine times this year.   Annapolis convention, under James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, draws attention to the weakness of the Articles of Confederation.
June   [3] Quartet for Piano and Strings in E flat (K. 493)
[10] Rondo in F for Keyboard (K. 494)
[26] Concerto in E flat for Horn (K. 495)
 
July   [8] Trio in G for Piano, Violin and Cello (K. 496)
[27] 12 Duos for Basset Horns (K. 487)
 
August   [5] Trio in E flat for Piano, Clarinet and Viola, "Kegelstatt" (K. 498)
[19] Quartet in D for Strings, "Hoffmeister" (K. 499)
[17] Frederick II dies, succeeded by Frederick William II.
September     [26] Anglo-French commercial treaty reduces many duties.
Shays' Rebellion in Massachusetts.
October [18] Mozart's third child, Johann Thomas Leopold, is born.   [16] Joseph II's edict establishing a single seminary for the Austrian Netherlands provokes protests from clergy.
November [15] Johann Thomas Leopold dies of suffocation. [4] 5 Variations in G (K. 501)
[18] Trio in B flat for Piano, Violin and Cello (K. 502)
 
December Le nozze di Figaro (K. 492) is performed at Prague. [4] Concerto in C for Piano (K. 503)
[6] Symphony in D, "Prague" (K. 504)
 
1787
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January [8] Mozart and Constanze travel to Prague.
[19] Symphony in D, "Prague" (K. 504) is performed.
  Joseph II constitutes Austrian Netherlands as a province of the Austrian monarchy, provoking riots in Louvain and Brussels.
February [8] The Mozarts leave Prague and return to Vienna.
[23] Ann Storace gives her farewell concert at the Kärntnertor Theater in Vienna.
  [13] Comte de Vergenne dies; Armand Comte de Montmorin is appointed French foreign minister.
[22] French nobles meet at Versailles and reject Charles de Calonne's proposals for financial reform.
Joseph II and Catherine II form a defensive alliance.
March Leopold Mozart takes ill. [11] Rondo for Piano in A minor (K. 511)  
April [4] Mozart writes to his father for the last time.
[7] Ludwig van Beethoven, 16, arrives in Vienna from Bonn to have lessons from Mozart. He leaves within two weeks.
[24] The Mozarts move to a new home in the Landstrasse suburb.
[19] Quintet in C for Strings (K. 515) [11] New York imposes duties on foreign goods.
[17] Calonne is banished to Lorraine; Cardinal Étienne Brienne, Archibishop of Toulouse, succeeds him as minister of finance.
May [28]Leopold Mozart dies in Salzburg. [16] Quintet for Strings in G minor (K. 516)
[29] Piano Sonata for Four Hands in C (K. 521)
[14] Philadelphia convention meets to frame a constitution.
June [4] Mozart buries his pet starling.   [28] Dutch insurgents arrest Princess Wilhelmina of Holland.
July     [6] Parlement of Paris opposes Étienne Brienne and demands the summoning of the States-General.
North-West ordinance in United States creates five new states.
August   [10] Eine kleine Nachtmusik (K. 525)
[24] Sonata in A for Keyboard and Violin (K. 526)
Ein musikalischer Spass (K. 522)
[10] Turkey declares war on Russia.
[14] Parlement of Paris is banished by Louis XVI to Troyes.
September     [17] United States Constitution is signed.
[24] Parlement of Paris is recalled.
October [1] Mozart and Constanze travel to Prague for rehearsals and premiere of Don Giovanni (K. 527)
[29] Mozart conducts first performance of Don Giovanni, at the National Theater in Prague.
[28] Don Giovanni (K. 527)  
November [13] Mozart and Constanze leave Prague and return to Vienna.   [15] Christoph Willibald Gluck dies in Vienna.
[20] Louis XVI declares that the States-General will be summoned for July 1792.
December The Mozarts move to the Tuchlauben in the Inner City.
[1] Joseph II appoints Mozart Kammermusicus (imperial chamber composer) at a salary of 800 florins a year.
[27] Mozart's fourth child, Theresia, is born.
   
1788
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January   [3] Allegro and Andante in F for Keyboard (K. 533) [20] Parlement of Paris presents a list of grievances.
February   [24] Concerto in D for Piano, "Second Coronation" (K. 537) [9] Joseph II of Austria declares war on Turkey.
March   [19] Adagio in B minor for Keyboard (K. 540)  
April     [15] Anglo-Dutch alliance.
May [7] Don Giovanni (K. 527) premieres at Vienna. It will run for 15 performances at the National Court Theater.   [9] British Parliamentary motion for abolition of slave trade.
June [17] The Mozarts move from the Tuchlauben to the Währingerstrasse in the Alsergrund suburb.
[29] Mozart's fourth child, Theresia, dies of intestinal cramps.
[22] Trio in E for Piano, Violin and Cello (K. 542)
[26] Symphony in E flat (K. 543)
[21] United States Constitution is ratified.
Sweden declares war on Russia and invades Finland.
July [21] Josepha Weber, Mozart's sister-in-law, marries Franz Hofer. [10] Sonata in F for Keyboard and Violin (K. 547)
[14] Trio in C for Piano, Violin and Cello (K. 548)
[25] Symphony in G minor (K. 550)
[26] Sonata for Keyboard in C, "For Beginners" (K. 545)
[17] Russia destroys Swedish fleet.
August   [10] Symphony in C, "Jupiter" (K. 551) [8] Louis XVI decides to summon the States-General for May 1789.
[13] Prussia joins the Anglo-Dutch alliance, forming the Triple Alliance.
[27] Jacques Necker is recalled as French finance minister.
September   [27] Divertimento in E flat (K. 563) [13] New York City is declared the federal capital of the United States.
Denmark invades Sweden.
October   [27] Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in G (K. 564) Joseph II fails to capture Belgrade and returns to Vienna.
November     [6] Denmark and Sweden sign the Convention of Uddevalla.
George III's first derangement.
Louis XVI decides to summon the nobles.
December     [14] C.P.E. Bach dies in Hamburg.
[17] Russian army takes Ochákov.
1789
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January The Mozarts move from the Währingerstrasse to a house on the Judenplatz in the Inner City.    
February   Sonata in B flat for Keyboard (K. 570) [3] Prince of Wales becomes Regent.
[19] George III recovers.
[20] Gustavus III assumes absolute powers in Sweden.
March     [4] First Congress meets at New York.
April [8] Mozart and Prince Karl Lichnowsky leave Vienna for northern Germany.
[10] Mozart arrives in Prague.
[12] Dresden.
[20] Leipzig.
[25] Potsdam.
  [7] Accession of Selim III of Turkey.
[30] George Washington becomes first President of the United States.
May [8] Mozart returns to Leipzig.
[19] Berlin.
[26] Mozart performs for Frederick William II.
[28] He leaves Berlin.
Kleine Gigue in G for Keyboard (K. 574) [5] States-General meets at Versailles.
June [4] Mozart returns to Vienna.   [17] Third Estate in France declares itself a National Assembly and begins to frame a constitution.
[20] Third Estate takes Tennis Court Oath.
[27] Union of the three estates in France.
July   Sonata in D for Keyboard (K. 576) [4] United States become an economic and customs union.
[11] Louis XVI dismisses Jacques Necker.
[14] Fall of the Bastille.
[17] Jean Bailly becomes mayor of Paris and the Marquis de La Fayette commander of the National Guard.
[31] Austrian and Russian troops defeat the Turks at Focshani.
August [29] Le nozze di Figaro (K. 492) is revived at the Burgtheater.   [4] French feudal system is abolished.
[27] French National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of Man.
September   [29] Quintet for Clarinet and Strings in A (K. 581) [22] Austrian and Russian troops under the Duke of Coburg defeat Turks at Rimnik.
October     [5-6] March of women to Versailles to move Louis XVI and his court to Paris.
[6] Austrians take Belgrade.
[9] Coburg's army takes Bucharest.
Emigration of French royalists begins in earnest.
Joseph II revokes constitution of Brabant and Hainault; revolution breaks out in Austrian Netherlands.
November Mozart's fifth child, Anna Maria, is born but dies one hour later.   [2] Church property in France is nationalized.
[12] France is divided into 80 administrative departments.
December [31] Così fan tutte (K. 588) is rehearsed at Mozart's home. Joseph Haydn attends.   [13] Austrian Netherlands declares independence as Belgium.
[21] Issue of Assignats (paper money) in France.
1790
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January [21] First orchestral rehearsal of Così fan tutte (K. 588). Haydn again attends.
[26] First performance of Così fan tutte (K. 588) at the Burgtheater.
Così fan tutte (K. 588) [31] Prussia withdraws from Russo-Turkish War.
February     [20] Joseph II of Austria dies; Leopold II becomes Holy Roman Emperor.
Alexander Hamilton introduces Funding Bill in the United States.
March     [16] Van der Noot drives the Democrats from power in Belgium.
[29] Poland cedes Thorn and Danzig to Prussia.
April   Quartet in D for Strings, "Prussian" (K. 575)  
May Mozart drafts a petition to request the position of second kapellmeister to the court. Quartet in B flat for Strings, "Prussian" (K. 589)  
June [6] Mozart visits Constanze at Baden, where she is taking the cure. Quartet in F for Strings, "Prussian" (K. 590) Austria and Prussia sign a treaty under which Frederick William II abandons his aggressive policy over Belgium, Sweden, Poland and Turkey.
July     [12] Civil constitution of the French clergy.
[14] Festival of the Champ de Mars, Paris. Louis XVI accepts the constitution.
August     [14] Treaty of Verela ends Swedish-Russian war.
[31] Mutiny is suppressed in Nancy.
September [23] Mozart sets out for Frankfort am Main for the coronation of Leopold II. Franz Hofer accompanies him.
[28] They arrive in Frankfort.
  [10] Jacques Necker resigns as French finance minister.
October [15] Mozart performs a "grand concert" at Frankfort.
[16] He travels to Mainz, where he performs another concert.
[23] He arrives in Mannheim.
[28] Augsburg.
[29] Munich.
   
November [10] Mozart returns to Vienna, where he joins his family in their new lodgings in the Rauhensteingasse.   [27] French clergy required to take oath to support the civil constitution.
December [14] Mozart attends a farewell dinner for Haydn in Vienna. Quintet in D for Strings (K. 593)
Adagio and Allegro in F minor for a Mechanical Organ (K. 594)
[2] Austrians re-enter Brussels and suppress the revolution.
[10] Austria renounces scheme for exchanging Bavaria and the Netherlands.
[22] Alexander Suvorov captures Ismail from the Turks.
1791
Month Mozart's Life Compositions World Events
January   [5] Concerto in B flat for Piano (K. 595) [30] Honoré Mirabeau is elected President of the French Assembly.
February     Prussia and Austria guarantee a free constitution for Poland.
March   [3] Fantasia for a Mechanical Organ in F minor (K. 608)  
April [25] Mozart petitions the Vienna city council for the post of cathedral kapellmeister at St. Stephen's. [12] Quintet in E flat for Strings (K. 614) [2] Death of Mirabeau.
[18] Paris mob prevents Louis XVI from going to St. Cloud.
May [9] The city council decrees that Mozart will be the unpaid assistant to the cathedral kapellmeister; he will presumably take over the post when it "shall fall vacant." [4] Andante in F for a Small Mechanical Organ (K. 616)
[23] Adagio and Rondo for Glass Harmonica, Flute, Oboe, Viola and Cello (K. 617)
[3] Polish constitution converts elective into a hereditary monarchy.
June [4] Constanze departs with son Karl to Baden to take the cure.
[8] Mozart visits Constanze, interrupting his visit for a brief return to Vienna.
[17] Motet in D, "Ave verum Corpus" (K. 618) [20-25] Louix XVI attempts to flee France, but is turned back at Varennes and taken to Paris.
July [9-11] Mozart visits Constanze; they return with Karl to Vienna.
[26] Mozart's sixth child, Franz Xaver Wolfgang, is born.
  [6] Leopold II of Austria issues letter calling on powers to support Louis XVI.
[17] Massacre of Champ de Mars by Marquis de La Fayette restores order in Paris.
August [25] Mozart, Constanze and Franz Xaver Süssmayer set out for Prague for the coronation of Leopold II.
[28] They arrive in Prague.
  [4] Peace of Sistova; Turkey cedes Orsova to Austria.
[27] Declaration of Pillnitz; Austria and Prussia state they are ready to intervene in French affairs.
September [2] Mozart probably conducts a festival performance of Don Giovanni (K. 527) in Prague; the emperor attends.
[6] Mozart conducts the premiere of La clemenza di Tito (K. 621).
Mozart, Constanze and Süssmayer return to Vienna.
[30] Die Zauberflöte (K. 620) premieres at Freihaus Theater in suburban Vienna.
[5] La clemenza di Tito (K. 621)
[28] Die Zauberflöte (K. 620)
[3] French Constitution is passed by the National Assembly.
[4] France annexes Avignon.
[30] National Assembly is dissolved.
October [7] Constanze return to Baden.
[15] Mozart arrives in Baden to bring her home.
Concerto in A for Clarinet (K. 622) [1] French Legislative Assembly meets at Paris. Girondist Party urges war against Austria.
November [18] Mozart conducts his cantata "Laut verkunde unsre Freude" (K. 623) for the dedication of his Masonic lodge's new temple.
[20] Mozart takes to his bed.
[28] His doctors, Thomas Franz Closset and Matthia von Sallaba, meet to discuss his condition.
[15] Cantata, "Laut verkunde unsre Freude" (K. 623) [9] Louis XVI vetoes a decree of the Assembly demanding return of the émigrés.
December [5] Mozart dies at five minutes before 1 a.m.
[6] After being blessed in front of the Crucifix Chapel of St. Stephen's, Mozart's body is buried in a common grave in the cemetery at St. Marx.
Requiem in D minor (K. 626) (unfinished) [15] United States Bill of Rights is ratified.

References